Mononucleosis Infectious Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis is a type of monoviral infection. Learn the signs and symptoms and how you can take care of your child at home

What Is Mononucleosis?

Mononucleosis is a viral infection caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). The virus is transmitted through infected saliva, ie by using the same glass for drinking, utensils, or food, or through coughing, sneezing, and kissing.

Contrary to popular belief, mononucleosis is not very contagious. It rarely happens to people living in the same house at the same time. This is most common between the ages of 15 and 25, most likely due to their intimacy or close relationship with each other. In most people, EBV infection occurs in infancy or childhood and occurs without showing any specific symptoms of mononucleosis.

Signs and Symptoms of Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis often occurs in children without symptoms, which means that it is less visible when there are symptoms. The most common is that children have only mild to moderate cold or mild to moderate fever for no apparent reason. This fever can last up to 2 weeks. It’s not dangerous.

Children up to the age of 19 and young adults have relatively specific symptoms, including severe infectious mononucleosis.

These May Include The Following:
  • Fatigue, loss of energy, and pain in the body in general.
  • Very sore throat (is a very common symptom).
  • Throat enlarged red glands, which look like pus-covered cheese.
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, thighs, and other parts of the body
  • Having a fever for 7 to 14 days.
  • Enlarged spleen.
  • Slightly enlarged liver.
  • Red rashes on the skin

In many children, these minor symptoms last up to a week. Even those with these severe symptoms usually feel completely healed in 2 to 4 weeks.

Complications Of Mononucleosis

Most children with mononucleosis can be cared for at home. Your child will probably not need to go to the hospital. However, mononucleosis can cause the following complications, and may require further diagnosis by a doctor:


The most common complication of mononucleosis is dehydration, which is caused by not drinking adequate amounts of fluids. Give your child plenty of fluids to try to overcome the cross.

Increased Spleen

It is also possible that your baby’s spleen may be slightly enlarged due to mononucleosis, so it is important to protect her stomach or lower back. A blow to his stomach can cause an enlarged spleen to rupture, and cause internal bleeding. This is an emergency surgical situation.

All children with mononucleosis should stay away from sports for at least 4 weeks, or until specified by a doctor. Athletes in particular must limit their activity until the size of the spleen becomes normal. Your child should avoid constipation and lifting heavy objects, as doing so can cause sudden pressure on the spleen. If your baby has a sudden, severe stomach ache, take her to the emergency department right away.

Difficulty Breathing

It could also be that your baby has difficulty breathing. It is possible that his trachea is temporarily enlarged, with the glands at the back of the nose and throat. They close at the back of the throat due to other lymph fibers. She may have a feeling that “something is stuck in this place.” Needs medicine.

Red Bumps on the Skin

If they take the antibiotics ampicillin or amoxicillin, some children with mononucleosis will develop lumps on the skin, severe redness, and painful rashes. These drugs should be avoided within mononucleosis. If your child’s doctor fears a bacterial infection as well as mononucleosis, there are other antibiotics available, which can be safely prescribed.